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The use of a Cissus quadrangularis/Irvingia gabonensis combination in the management of weight loss: a double-blind placebo-controlled study

Julius E Oben*, Judith L Ngondi, Claudia N Momo, Gabriel A Agbor and Caroline S Makamto Sobgui

Lipids in Health and Disease 2008, 7:12  doi:10.1186/1476-511X-7-12

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Cissus quadrangularis, fat loss and competing interests

Anssi Manninen   (2008-05-07 19:04)  Manninen Nutraceuticals Oy email

The lead author of this study has a patent on Cissus quadrangularis as a fat loss agent. A competing interest exists when professional judgement concerning a primary interest may be influenced by a secondary interest (e.g., financial gain). While there is nothing inherently unethical about a competing interest, they should be acknowledged and openly stated.

Anssi Manninen

Manninen Nutraceuticals Oy

Oulu, Finland

Competing interests



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