Email updates

Keep up to date with the latest news and content from Lipids in Health and Disease and BioMed Central.

Open Access Research

A preliminary report on oral fat tolerance test in rhesus monkeys

Di Wu1, Qingsu Liu23, Shiyuan Wei2, Yu Alex Zhang1 and Feng Yue4*

Author Affiliations

1 Cell Therapy Center, Beijing Institute of Geriatrics, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100053, China

2 Wincon Laboratory, Wincon TheraCells Biotechnologies Co., Ltd, Nanning, Guangxi Province 530003, China

3 College of Light Industry and Food Engineering, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China

4 Department of Neurobiology, Beijing Institute of Geriatrics, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100053, China

For all author emails, please log on.

Lipids in Health and Disease 2014, 13:11  doi:10.1186/1476-511X-13-11

Published: 10 January 2014

Abstract

Background

Oral fat tolerance test (OFTT) has been widely used to assess the postprandial lipemia in human beings, but there is few studies concerning OFTT in nonhuman primates. This study is designed to explore the feasibility of OFTT in rhesus monkeys.

Methods

In a cross-over study, a total of 8 adult female rhesus monkeys were fed with normal monkey diet (NND), high sugar high fat diet (HHD), and extremely high fat diet (EHD), respectively. Each monkey consumed NND, HHD and EHD respectively, each weighing 60 g. Serial blood samples were collected at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 h after ingesting each kind of food. Triglyceride, cholesterol, glucose, and insulin at each time point were measured. The area under the curve of triglyceride (TG-AUC) and triglyceride peak response (TG-PR) were also calculated.

Results

All monkeys ingested 3 kinds of foods within 15 minutes. TG-AUC and TG-PR of HHD group were higher than those of the other two groups. Postprandial triglyceride levels at 2, 3, 4, and 5 hours in HHD group during OFTT were also higher than those in NND and EHD group.

Conclusions

HHD diet can be used in OFTT for nonhuman primates.

Keywords:
Triglyceride; Lipid metabolism; Oral fat tolerance test; Rhesus monkey