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Open Access Research

Plasma levels of apolipoprotein-E in residents of the European North of Russia

Anastasiya M Kaneva1*, Evgeny R Bojko1, Natalya N Potolitsyna1 and Jon O Odland2

Author Affiliations

1 Institute of Physiology, Komi Science Center, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Pervomaiskaya av. 50, Syktyvkar, 167982, Russia

2 Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromso, Tromso, Norge, NO-9037, Norway

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Lipids in Health and Disease 2013, 12:43  doi:10.1186/1476-511X-12-43

Published: 27 March 2013

Abstract

Background

Apolipoprotein-E (apoE) is one of the metabolically active apoproteins and plays an important role in lipid metabolism. However, there are no data on levels of apoE in residents of the North in spite of the fact that specific features of lipid metabolism in the northerners are described. The present work was designed to study plasma levels of apoE in residents of the European North of Russia.

Methods

A total of 937 native residents of the European North of Russia (463 men and 474 women) aged 13ā€“60 years were included in the study. ApoE concentrations in the blood plasma were measured by immunoturbidimetric method.

Results

Plasma levels of apoE in residents of the European North of Russia were low. ApoE concentrations below the defined normal values were detected in 57.0% of the men and in 59.2% of the women. The mean plasma levels of apoE did not significantly differ in men and women (2.80 mg/dl vs 2.87 mg/dl). Plasma apoE concentrations in residents of the European North of Russia changed with age. Plasma levels of apoE decreased from 13 to 21 years in men and from 13 to 35 years in women and then increased in both sexes (pā€‰<ā€‰0.001).

Conclusion

The limits of variation of plasma apoE levels in residents of the European North of Russia shift towards lower values. Plasma levels of apoE below normal values were observed in approximately half of investigation subjects.

Keywords:
Apolipoprotein-E; Lipid metabolism; Age; The North; Adaptation