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Open Access Highly Accessed Research

Postprandial changes of lipoprotein profile: effect of abdominal obesity

Peter Sabaka1, Peter Kruzliak2*, Ludovit Gaspar1, Martin Caprnda1, Matej Bendzala1, David Balaz1, Stanislav Oravec1 and Andrej Dukat1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital in Bratislava and Faculty of Medicine in Bratislava, Comenius University in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

2 Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, International Clinical Research Center, St. Anne’s University Hospital and Masaryk University, Pekarska 53, 656 91 Brno, Czech Republic

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Lipids in Health and Disease 2013, 12:179  doi:10.1186/1476-511X-12-179

Published: 8 December 2013

Abstract

Background

Majority of studies that focused on the influence of abdominal obesity on lipoprotein profile, were conducted in the fasting conditions. The effects of visceral fat accumulation on postprandial lipoprotein concentrations have not yet been studied in details. We therefore focused on the postprandial lipoprotein profile in otherwise healthy men and women with abdominal obesity and their comparison with the control group of volunteers with normal waist circumference. The concentration of lipoprotein classes and subclasses was measured before and 4 hours after a standard meal by linear polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.

Results

A statistically significant postprandial rise in triacylglycerol concentration occurred in all subjects. VLDL increased 4 hours after meal in all subjects except the women with normal waist circumference. The concentration of large IDL particles increased in both non-obese men and women. In women with abdominal obesity, however, it decreased, while in obese men there was no statistically significant change. The concentration of small and medium-sized IDL particles decreased in all volunteers. Analyzing subclasses changes of large, medium-sized and small LDL particles we saw no significant shift in their concentrations except the subclass of large LDL particles, which decreased in men. Concentrations of medium and small HDL particles decreased postprandially in all volunteers with normal waist circumference. However, they remained unchanged in subjects with abdominal obesity.

Conclusions

We observed significant postprandial changes of the lipoprotein profile, but the nature and extent of these changes depended on gender and presence of abdominal obesity.

Keywords:
Postprandial; Lipoprotein subclasses; Abdominal obesity; Electrophoresis